Radicalisation is comparable to other forms of exploitation, such as grooming and Child Sexual Exploitation. The aim of radicalisation is to attract people to their reasoning, inspire new recruits and embed their extreme views and persuade vulnerable individuals of the legitimacy of their cause. This may be direct through a relationship, or through social media.
There are a number of factors that may make the individual susceptible to exploitation by violent extremists. None of these factors should be considered in isolation but in conjunction with the particular circumstances of the individual. An assessment can be found here .
Prevent is part of the Government's counter-terrorism strategy CONTEST and aims to provide support and re-direction to vulnerable individuals at risk of being groomed into terrorist activity before any crimes are committed.
The Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015 requires specified authorities, in the exercise of their functions to have due regard to the need to prevent people being drawn into terrorism. The support available for individuals at risk of being radicalised is called Channel.
2.4.1 Channel Panel
The Channel Panel is a multi-agency panel chaired by the Local Authority to support individuals who have been identified as being groomed into terrorism. The role of the multi-agency panel is to develop an appropriate support package to safeguard those at risk of being drawn into terrorism based on an assessment of their vulnerability of being at risk of radicalisation. The purpose of the panel is to:
Assess the nature and extent of that risk; and
Develop the most appropriate support plan for the individuals concerned.
The panel is responsible for managing the safeguarding risk which is in line with other multi-agency panels where risk is managed, such as the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA). Local safeguarding structures have a role to play for those eligible for adult safeguarding. Referrals to Channel are through the police engagement officer.